Orléans, Louis-Philippe-Joseph, duke d'
- (1747-1793) (Philippe Égalité)royal figureKnown eventually as Philippe Égalité, Louis-Philippe-Joseph, duke d'orléans, the cousin of King louis XVI, was born at Saint-Cloud. He married the great-granddaughter of King louis XIV, Adélaïde de Bourbon-Penthièvre, in 1769 and came into a considerable fortune that he used, in part, to advance his political ambitions. A Freemason (grand masonic master in 1786), he adopted the liberal ideas of the period and admired the British political system. His opposition to the ministry of rené maupeou caused him to be briefly exiled (1771-72). After serving as a naval officer, he returned to politics and took every opportunity to express his hostility to the regime and the court. A deputy for the Second Estate to the estates general, in 1789 he was one of the first to rally to the Third Estate (see revolution of 1789). Allied with mirabeau, he dreamed perhaps of taking Louis XVI's place, or at least of being named regent. Exiled to England after the uprisings of october 5-6, 1789, he returned to France in 1790. Elected deputy to the Convention in 1792 (he had taken the name Philippe Égalité), he voted for the king's death. His own son, the future king louis-philippe, had emigrated with charles dumouriez after this betrayal, and soon the duke d'orléans was arrested by the montagnards, then subsequently sentenced to death and executed.
France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.
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Orléans, Louis-Philippe-Joseph, duke d' — known as Philippe Égalité born April 13, 1747, Saint Cloud, France died Nov. 6, 1793, Paris French Bourbon prince who supported popular democracy in the French Revolution. A cousin of Louis XVI, he disapproved of Marie Antoinette and lived away… … Universalium
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Louis-Philippe of France — Infobox French Royalty|monarch name =Louis Philippe title =King of the French caption = reign =9 August 1830 ndash; 24 February 1848 coronation = predecessor = Charles X successor = Second Republic Philippe VII (Orléanist pretender) spouse =Marie … Wikipedia
Louis-Philippe I — (1773 1850) king of the French, first of the House of Orléans King of the French from 1830 to 1848, Louis Philippe I was the son of Louis Philippe Joseph, duke of orléans (known as Philippe égalité), and Louise Marie de Bourbon Penthièvre.… … France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present
Louis-Philippe — known as the Citizen King born Oct. 6, 1773, Paris, France died Aug. 26, 1850, Claremont, Surrey, Eng. King of the French (1830–48). Eldest son of the duke d Orléans, he supported the new government at the outbreak of the French Revolution and… … Universalium
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duke — /doohk, dyoohk/, n., v., duked, duking. n. 1. (in Continental Europe) the male ruler of a duchy; the sovereign of a small state. 2. a British nobleman holding the highest hereditary title outside the royal family, ranking immediately below a… … Universalium