Orléans, Louis-Philippe-Joseph, duke d'

(1747-1793) (Philippe Égalité)
   royal figure
   Known eventually as Philippe Égalité, Louis-Philippe-Joseph, duke d'orléans, the cousin of King louis XVI, was born at Saint-Cloud. He married the great-granddaughter of King louis XIV, Adélaïde de Bourbon-Penthièvre, in 1769 and came into a considerable fortune that he used, in part, to advance his political ambitions. A Freemason (grand masonic master in 1786), he adopted the liberal ideas of the period and admired the British political system. His opposition to the ministry of rené maupeou caused him to be briefly exiled (1771-72). After serving as a naval officer, he returned to politics and took every opportunity to express his hostility to the regime and the court. A deputy for the Second Estate to the estates general, in 1789 he was one of the first to rally to the Third Estate (see revolution of 1789). Allied with mirabeau, he dreamed perhaps of taking Louis XVI's place, or at least of being named regent. Exiled to England after the uprisings of october 5-6, 1789, he returned to France in 1790. Elected deputy to the Convention in 1792 (he had taken the name Philippe Égalité), he voted for the king's death. His own son, the future king louis-philippe, had emigrated with charles dumouriez after this betrayal, and soon the duke d'orléans was arrested by the montagnards, then subsequently sentenced to death and executed.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Orléans, Louis-Philippe-Joseph, duke d' — known as Philippe Égalité born April 13, 1747, Saint Cloud, France died Nov. 6, 1793, Paris French Bourbon prince who supported popular democracy in the French Revolution. A cousin of Louis XVI, he disapproved of Marie Antoinette and lived away… …   Universalium

  • Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans — Louis Philippe Joseph Duke of Orléans Spouse Louise Marie Adélaïde de Bourbon Issue Louis Philippe I Antoine Philippe, Duk …   Wikipedia

  • Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans — Infobox Person name = Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans image size = 280px caption = Louis Philippe I, Duke of Orléans birth date = birth date|1725|5|12|mf=y birth place = Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France death date = death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • Louis-Philippe of France — Infobox French Royalty|monarch name =Louis Philippe title =King of the French caption = reign =9 August 1830 ndash; 24 February 1848 coronation = predecessor = Charles X successor = Second Republic Philippe VII (Orléanist pretender) spouse =Marie …   Wikipedia

  • Louis-Philippe I — (1773 1850)    king of the French, first of the House of Orléans    King of the French from 1830 to 1848, Louis Philippe I was the son of Louis Philippe Joseph, duke of orléans (known as Philippe égalité), and Louise Marie de Bourbon Penthièvre.… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Louis-Philippe — known as the Citizen King born Oct. 6, 1773, Paris, France died Aug. 26, 1850, Claremont, Surrey, Eng. King of the French (1830–48). Eldest son of the duke d Orléans, he supported the new government at the outbreak of the French Revolution and… …   Universalium

  • Philippe II, Duke of Orléans — Philippe Duke of Orléans Regent of the Kingdom Philippe with his mistress Marie Thérèse de Parabère by Jean Baptiste Sa …   Wikipedia

  • Louis of France, Duke of Burgundy — Louis de France, Duke of Bourgogne (August 16, 1682 February 18, 1712) was the eldest son of Louis, le Grand Dauphin . As a result of his father s death in 1711, he became Dauphin and is hence also inaccurately known as le Petit Dauphin… …   Wikipedia

  • Descendants of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans — Philippe of France, Duke of Orléans Philippe de France, Duke of Orléans was the brother of Louis XIV of France and the younger son of Louis XIII of France and Anne of Austria. A Bourbon himself, he founded the third line of Dukes of Orléans… …   Wikipedia

  • duke — /doohk, dyoohk/, n., v., duked, duking. n. 1. (in Continental Europe) the male ruler of a duchy; the sovereign of a small state. 2. a British nobleman holding the highest hereditary title outside the royal family, ranking immediately below a… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.